As most of you know there is an increased popularity of testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) in the past two decades. However, a lot of men still have some concerns about the side effects of TRT.
They have a lot of questions. Does TRT cause infertility? Heart attack? Prostate cancer? For all these horrible ideas, we all know that TRT is benficial to those who are in need of it medically.
IfIn this article we gather all the information you need to know about the safety profile and the possible side effects of testosterone replacement therapy while also looking at the Pros as well.
- Prior to the start of TRT, Hypogonadal men need to undergo testicular examination and have full hormonal profile.
- TRT has been linked to reducing the risk of cardiovascular disease and depression in men
- TRT does have side effects, such as potentially causing infertiliy
- To make sure you manage the sides, work through a trusted and well known TRT Clinic
Why men need Testosterone
The male hormone testosterone plays an important role in the development and maintenance of typical masculine physical characteristics, such as muscle mass and strength, and growth of facial and body hair. 
The levels of testosterone are regulated by the hypothalamus and the pituitary gland at the level of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis. 
The normal levels of serum testosterone in young healthy men (20 – 30 years old) ranges between 300 and 800 ng/dL. 
After the third decade of life, serum testosterone levels decline gradually at an approximate rate of 1-2% per year. 
What classifies as Low Testosterone
The 2010 Endocrine Society Guidelines define androgen deficiency as signs and symptoms of low testosterone in the setting of unequivocally low morning serum testosterone levels of less than 300 ng/dl on two separate occasions. 
Symptoms and signs of low testosterone include :
- Depressed mood
- Erectile dysfunction
- Impaired sexual function, decreased libido and sexual desire, fewer spontaneous erections
- Reduced muscle mass and strength
- Reduced bone mass and osteoporosis
- Insomnia and a reduced sense of general well-being
- Forgetfulness and difficulty in concentration, and loss of memory
Testosterone Replacement Therapy (TRT)
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) cautions that prescription testosterone products are approved only for men who have low testosterone levels caused by certain medical conditions. 
Over the last 10 years, testosterone deficiency in men has been under the spotlight due to the increased awareness by medical providers, increased direct-to-consumer advertising in the media, and the longer life expectancy of male population. 
Testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) has been used by millions of men allover the world to treat symptoms of low testosterone levels such as diminished libido and erectile dysfunction, and to improve muscle strength and physical function. 
In the United States, between 2001 and 2011, testosterone therapy prescription among men 40 years of age or older increased from 0.81% in 2001 to 2.91% in 2011. 
TRT has been shown to increase serum testosterone to physiologic levels and improve testosterone deficiency related symptoms. 
Several TRT formulations such as topical gels and patches, intramuscular testosterone injections, subcutaneous pellets, and oral/buccal formulations are available and provide clinicians and patients the opportunity to personalize replacement therapy according to the clinical and economic status of each patient. 
Pros of TRT
There are plenty of reasons why someone suffering from hypogonadism would consider TRT, as long as they do it through a medical facility.
Improvement of Cardiovascular Health
As we know, low Test levels are linked to various health conditions, such as heart disease, stroke, and higher blood lipids .
While studies and medical professionals are not all in agreement about this, there is some evidence to show that raising Test levels to normal levels will decrease the risk of cardiovascular disease.
More Muscle Mass and Less Fat
Testosterone is an androgen after all, and lower Testosterone levels have been linked to lower muscle mass. Lower muscle mass will lead to a poorer quality of life, and an increased risk of injury.
Low Testosterone can also lead to fat gain, increasing the risk of diabetes. Fat gain is predominantly around the abdomen, which has been linked to various health diseases .
Improved Mood and Sexual Function
It will come as no surprise that low Testosterone has been linked to depression and erectile dysfunction. TRT has been shown to increase mood, libido, sexual function, and decrease the risk of anxiety and depression.
Other Pros of TRT
- Increased Bone Density and Strength
- Improved Cognition and Memory
- Fat loss
- Reduced risk of injury
Cons of TRT
Despite the benefits of testosterone administration in management of low testosterone, TRT as a hormone treatment comes with several potential side effects that patients need to be aware of before starting the treatment.
Cardiovascular Adverse Events
The use of testosterone injection is associated with a greater risk of myocardial infarction and stroke, but not venous thromboembolism, compared with testosterone gel use.  However, more recent studies have shown that TRT is not associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. 
Data regarding the cardiovascular safety of TRT have been conflicting and inconclusive.
Erythrocytosis is an increase in the number of erythrocytes and is defined as a hemoglobin level above 185 g/L and hematocrit percentage over 49% in men.  Interestingly, exogenous testosterone was initially used as a treatment for anemia. 
Additionally, testosterone increases erythropoiesis by increasing iron availability via reduced hepcidin levels, a hormone responsible for iron sequestration.  However, estradiol seems to also play a role.
The known association between TRT and erythrocytosis and a report that demonstrated an increased risk of venous thromboembolism in men receiving TRT, especially in those with underlying thrombophilia, have led the FDA to require adding a general warning to testosterone products about the potential risk for venous blood clots. 
Prostate Cancer Risk
Among the various side effects of TRT, prostate safety is one of the major concerns. Hence, urologists are interested and play an important role in the diagnosis of testosterone deficiency and TRT. 
The 2008 guidelines on late-onset hypogonadism (LOH) state “There is no conclusive evidence that testosterone therapy increases the risk of prostate cancer or BPH. There is also no evidence that testosterone treatment will convert subclinical prostate cancer to clinically detectable prostate cancer. However, there is unequivocal evidence that testosterone can stimulate growth and aggravate symptoms in men with locally advanced and metastatic prostate cancer”. 
Other Cons of TRT
- Infertility (potentially)
- Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
- Obstructive Sleep Apnea
How to Start TRT?
You need to get in contact with a good doctor or TRT clinic such as Evolve TRT. They will help you on your journey and supply you with a prescription for TRT and send you the medication as well.
You will have a discussion with a medical professional who will ask you about the symptoms you are experiencing. Then, once your blood tests reflect what needs to be prescribed, the doctor will prescribe the correct treatment, and it will be shipped to your door.
Alternatives to TRT
Instead of exogenous T, alternative therapies, including selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs), human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), and aromatase inhibitors, are commonly used to promote the production of endogenous testosterone. 
Hi guy’s just wondering if TRY will help me back in 2010 I had a bad bike crash witch left me with multiple injuries witch lead to a big weight gain I’m in a lot of pain witch my supposed take a lot of pain killers but I don’t take them so I’m just wondering if TRT would help me with weight loss an all kind regards jasen cameron