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-   -   MAB Glossary 1st edition (http://www.muscleandbrawn.com/forum/showthread.php?t=2107)

jslep 02-21-2010 04:59 PM

MAB Glossary 1st edition
 
Sometimes it can be confusing to read someone's thread when they may use alot of abbreviation or terms that may only by used by the more hardcore trainer. So for the noobs to seasoned veteran(who doesn't know as much as he thinks) i wanted to start a glossary of sorts on MAB so you don't have to scan the internet to find a quick answer. As needed this list will be added to along the way but hopefully it will be a start that can prove to be useful. If you see something you would like added or think would be useful to someone else pm me or add it in the thread and i will see that it gets on the list.


A

aas: (anabolic-androgenic steroids) drugs which mimic the effects of the male testosterone and dihydrotestosterone

Abduction: relating to body movement, away from the body

Adduction: relating to body movement, toward the body

Agonist: muscle performing a particular action.

Antagonists: the muscles that are responsible for moving a joint in its opposite direction in a particular action

Anterior(Ventral): in relation to body positioning, to the front

A.T.P.: (adenosine triphosphate) the necessary fuel for all body cells; including muscles.

A.T.G: (ass to the ground) an affectionate term used for deep squats

B

BB: barbell

BF%: (body fat percentage) is the total weight of a persons fat devided by the persons weight

Bilateral: in relation to body positioning, both sides of the body

BMI: (body mass index) a statistic that compares a persons weight to height

BMR: (basal metabolic rate) the rate at which the body burns calories while awake but at rest (usually per day)

BP: blood pressure

BTN: behind the neck

BTB: behind the back

BW: body weight (or a nice place to eat wings)

C

CGBP: Close Grip Bench Press

cheat rep: is a repetition performed by deviating from strict form (leaning, body motion) AFTER a lifter has reached the point of failure with a given weight

Circumduction: relating to body movement, a circular movement

CNS: central nervous system

compound movement: an exercise that targets a more than muscle or muscle group simultaneously, usually the movement involves flexing or extending at least two joints(squats, bench)

CROM: Crom is a grim and gloomy god, ever watching from atop his mountain in dark clouds and obscuring mists, ready to pass a disapproving judgment on any and all. However he is also said to approve of courage and tenacity in mortals, even if the human ultimately proves too frail to succeed. He is the only member of the Cimmerian pantheon named with any regularity.

D

DB dumbbell

deload: when you decrease weight and increase reps approximately every 4 weeks in your lifting program, for one week. Or when your body tells you it's time to take it easy.

Deep muscles: in relation to body positioning, towards the inner body

Distal: in relation to body positioning, away from the trunk (furthest from)

DOH: double overhand grip

DOMS: (delayed onset muscle soreness) breaking down of the muscle fibers brought on by physical activity that can lead to soreness in the next 24-72 hrs that usually will subside in 7-10 days

Dorsiflexion: relating to body movement, (ankle) pointing foot up towards body

down regulation decreasing the activity of responsiveness of a physiological process by decreasing the number of available receptors

E

ectomorph: long thin muscles/limbs and low fat storage usually referred to as slim

endomorph: increased fat storage, a wide waist and large bone structure usually referred to as fat

Extension: straightening of a joint that increases the angle

F

Fixators: muscles providing stability and balance in order for the main muscle to perform

Flexion: bending of a joint that decreases the angle

G

GVT: german volume training

H

HFT: high frequency training

H.I.T.: high intensity training

H.I.I.T. high intensity interval training

HVT: high volume training

Hyperextension: extension beyond normal limits

hypertrophy: enlargement of a muscle tissue or organ of the body resulting from an increase in the size of its cells

Hypoextension: less extension than normal

I

Inferior: in relation to body positioning, below

isolation movement: an exercise that targets a single muscle or muscle group, usually the movement involves flexing or extending one joint(bicep curls, leg extensions)

J

K

ketogenic diet: a diet that involves the restriction of carbs to the point of inducing buildup of significant levels of ketones in the bloodstream

K.I.S.S.: keep it simple stupid

L

Lateral : in relation to body positioning, away from the middle point of the body

lbm: (lean body mass) total body mass minus fat mass, this includes muscle, bone, organs, water, etc.-----everything but fat

L.I.S.S.: Low Intensity Steady State (A form of cardio training)

M

Medial: in relation to body positioning, toward the middle of the body

mesomorph: medium bone solid torso, low fat levels, wide shoulders, narrow waist, usually referred to as muscular

N

O

OTC: over the counter sold without perscription

P

PCT: post cycle therapy

Peripheral: in relation to body positioning, toward the extremities

PR! : (personal record) the mans individual best

pre-exhaustion: to perform one or more sets of an isolation movement prior to the performance of a compound movement

Posterior (Dorsal): in relation to body positioning, to the back

prohormone: a substance that is a precursor to a hormone usually having minimal hormonal effect by itself

Pronation: relating to body movement, palm turning down

Protraction: relating to body movement, aforward motion, occurs at shoulder joint(abduction)

Proximal: in relation to body positioning, toward the trunk (closest to)

Q

R

Retraction: relating to body movement, a backward motion, occurs in the shoulder joint(adduction)

ROM: Refers to Full Range of Motion on a given exercise.

Rotation: relating to body movement, around an axis

S

S.A.I.D.: specific adaptation to imposed demand

SLDL: straight leg dead lifts

SMF: smash fing weights(or suffer the wrath of CROM...see above)

Stabilizers: muscles providing stability and balance in order for the main muscle to perform

sublingual: absorbed into the bloodstream through the skin or under the tongue, in an area with thin skin and rich blood supply to bypass the liver and digestive system

Superficial: in relation to body positioning, toward the outer surface

Superior : in relation to body positioning, above

superset: to do two exercises back to back without rest

Supination: relating to body movement, palm turning up

T

topical: a medication that is applied to the body's skin

transdermal: allows chemicals that would be broken down by the digestive system or destroyed by the liver to pass into the bloodstream, can also provide slow and steady delivery instead of a sudden pulse

U

Unilateral: in relation to body positioning, one side of the body

upregulation: increasing the activity of responsiveness of a physiological process by increasing the number of available receptors

V

vascularity: visibility of veins

W

X

Y

Z

BendtheBar 02-21-2010 06:44 PM

Sticky!

Bodybygamma 02-21-2010 06:49 PM

S.F.W- Smash Fing Weights

C.N.S- Central Nervous System

K.I.S.S- Keep It Simple Stupid

jslep 02-21-2010 06:51 PM

i don't know how i forgot those CROM must be pissed! i'll get on it.

Bodybygamma 02-21-2010 06:55 PM

Crom- Crom is a grim and gloomy god, ever watching from atop his mountain in dark clouds and obscuring mists, ready to pass a disapproving judgment on any and all. However he is also said to approve of courage and tenacity in mortals, even if the human ultimately proves too frail to succeed. He is the only member of the Cimmerian pantheon named with any regularity.

Shaolinkiwi 02-21-2010 07:43 PM

additions
 
Deload = Deloading is when you decrease weight and increase reps approximately every 4 weeks in your lifting program, for one week. Or when your body tells you it's time to take it easy.

ROM = Refers to Full Range of Motion on a given exercise.

L.I.S.S = Low Intensity Steady State (A form of cardio training)

onetiredkris 02-21-2010 08:01 PM

H.I.T - high intensity training
H.I.I.T - high intensity interval training

jhuse2 02-21-2010 09:06 PM

CGBP- Close Grip Bench Press.

onetiredkris 02-21-2010 09:39 PM

A.T.P - (adenosine triphosphate) the necessary fuel for all body cells; including muscles.

onetiredkris 02-21-2010 09:43 PM

Superior - in relation to body positioning, above
Inferior - in relation to body positioning, below
Anterior(Ventral) - in relation to body positioning, to the front
Posterior (Dorsal) - in relation to body positioning, to the back
Proximal - in relation to body positioning, toward the trunk (closest to)
Distal - in relation to body positioning, away from the trunk (furthest from)
Medial - in relation to body positioning, toward the middle of the body
Lateral - in relation to body positioning, away from the middle point of the body
Bilateral - in relation to body positioning, both sides of the body
Unilateral - in relation to body positioning, one side of the body
Peripheral - in relation to body positioning, toward the extremities
Superficial - in relation to body positioning, toward the outer surface
Deep muscles - in relation to body positioning, towards the inner body

Agonist - muscle performing a particular action.
Antagonists- the muscles that are responsible for moving a joint in its opposite direction in a particular action
Stabilizers - muscles providing stability and balance in order for the main muscle to perform
Fixators - muscles providing stability and balance in order for the main muscle to perform

Flexion - bending of a joint that decreases the angle
Extension - straightening of a joint that increases the angle
Hypoextension - less extension than normal
Hyperextension - extension beyond normal limits
Abduction - relating to body movement, away from the body
Adduction - relating to body movement, toward the body
Pronation - relating to body movement, palm turning down
Supination - relating to body movement, palm turning up
Rotation - relating to body movement, around an axis
Circumduction - relating to body movement, a circular movement
Protraction - relating to body movement, aforward motion, occurs at shoulder joint(abduction)
Retraction - relating to body movement, a backward motion, occurs in the shoulder joint(adduction)
Dorsiflexion - relating to body movement, (ankle) pointing foot up towards body


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