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Default Are We Really Getting Any Stronger ?
by BendtheBar 01-12-2012, 12:44 AM

Are We Really Getting Any Stronger ?
Bob Strauss

Powerlifting started off as an offshoot of Olympic Lifting and the early powerlifters were usually Olympic lifters past their prime or who were too slow. Squats and deadlifts of 700 and a 500 bench were found. around the late 1960ís Soon lifters began to specialize in powerlifting and 800 squat, 600 bench , and 800 deadlift were happening. Training techniques were improved and strength became a science . Then by the early 1970ís Jon Cole squatted the first 900 with only ace bands which offer very little mechanical support, and deadlifted 885..Cole weighed only 280. Big 340 lb Jim Williams benched 675 and narrowly missed 700 ( Jim worked all three lifts) Now if Jon Cole had stayed a heavyweight a little longer 900 would have been possible in the deadlift he was no near his potential in that lift.. That barrier actually fell around 1980. Had Jim Williams gone bench only he would have gone 725-730 . In the 242 lb div George Frenn squatted 855 and had a 540 bench and 815 deadlift. At 198 Larry Pacifico did a 700 squat and deadlift with a 540 bench. Lamar Gant deadlifted 600+ at 123. Don Rhienhout squatted 935 with no wraps or support in the mid 1970ís . These lifts were done with little or no mechanical support and are raw by any standard.

Powerlifters are goal and number oriented and got to keep pushing the envelope. In other words the numbers must keep getting bigger!! In the old days, harder work payed off , then in the late 1960ís to 1970ís steroids became the method of pushing the envelope. But steroids can only do so much as muscle tissue and the human body has itís limits. Then in the mid 1970ís powerlifters discovered their pandoraís box and began to incorporate more and more mechanical means of assisting a lift, mainly in the squat. With the new wraps and suits, we could now lift more and more in the squat . From 1972 to the mid 80ís the squat went up 100 lbs while the deadlift went up only 20. When bench shirts were developed in the mid 80ís Jim Williamís 675 and Bill Kazmaierís 661 fell as several lifters cracked 700 . Now the squat and bench amounts went up mostly as the deadlift is not helped very much by todayís assistance. Look at how many deadlift records get broken compared to squat and bench. Then in from the mid 1980ís to the mid 1990ís the record setting pace slowed down to a trickle. As soon as the records began to stabilize, then we had to manufacture higher numbers. Are we getting stronger? Compare us to other sports. In Olympic lifting, the closest sport to powerlifting, the records kept going up into the late 1970ís to early 1980ís. Then the nature of the human body put the breaks on. In 1976 The Russian Vassili Alexeev Clean and jerked 565. By the mid 1980ís the most done was 585, and that still hasnít been broken yet!! Swimming records which used to be broken by seconds are now broken by thousandths !!! Track and field and other sports have similar results. Smaller incriments or looser rules are needed to keep records happening.

As soon as the record breaking pace slows , powerlifters have always found a way to manufacture new records. In the late 1990ís the Pandoraís box of powerlifting opened even wider with more layers of materials like denim and canvas. Squat suits and bench shirts capable of adding 200 lbs to oneís lifts appeared. Now in 2003, Pandoraís box has been opened all the way. Not only do we have equipment to add hundreds of pounds to our lifts, but we have meets that allow incomplete forms of the lifts to be passed. Add a high squat to the equipment or rule infractions in the bench, and almost anything is possible. To keep up the record breaking pace, lifters are turning to the latest piece of equipment, and manufacturers are willing to supply .

No getting back to the origional question, are we really getting any stronger? It is indeed hard to compare one lifter who uses gear to one who doesnít , but for arguementís sake weíll do it . Take Jon Cole who did 905 squat 580 bench and 885 deadlift and if he had todayís gear on him would do 1050-700-900 or about 2650 at 280 !! Don Rhienhout at 365 and lifts of 935-615-885 could do 1100-740-900 , both totals approximate Garry Frankís If you put Bill Kazmiaer in todayís gear you could get 1075-775-900, about 100 lbs over Frankís total , and thatís 1980 !!! What if you put todayís gear on Paul Anderson??? Remember George Frenn the 242 who did 855-540-815 ? In todayís gear, he could do 1000-675-825 and approach the 2500 Ed Coan was shooting for. Mike Bridges benched 523 in the 181 lb class in the early 1980ís before bench shirts and he squatted big too. Heíd been well over 600 with todayís apparatus. Mike McDonald the origional bench press only lifter, did 560 at 198 , 600 at 220 and 625 at 242, about the same or more as todayís armored lifters could do without their armor. In about every weight class , there are 1970ís lifters , that in todayís gear, could produce a similar result. And had big Jim Williams only worked his bench press, and put on todayís gear, heíd be trying 900 too!!! And More !! Now look at the powerlift that benefits very little from assistance. Around 1980 both Dan Wohleber and Doyle Kennady in did 905 the deadlift . Even with todayís erector shirts and suits which do help only a little, the deadlift record has gone up about 30 lbs and at least half of that is due to technology, So it appears that the true human strength level had about maxed out in the late 1970ís and early 1980ís the same with other sports.

Results improved in the strength sports during the 50ís and early 60ís because lifters simply trained harder . Then along came steroids and lifts kept going up until the 1980ís when they became illegal and the quality of what could be obtained became suspect. During the 1970ís and early 1980ís we learned to train better and that combined with proper nutricion gave results and increases. Letís realize that the human body can get only so strong as it is. Powerlifting is bound to attract some genetic freaks but even then there is a limit .In the mid 1980ís all sports with records began to slow the record breaking pace down, including powerlifting The maximum weight lifted overhead has not changed since the mid 1980′S . The only way some other sports can claim records is to have them broken in smaller increments or change the rules.

Powerlifting is a sport that is record driven. Powerlifters need to set records! Now letís follow one record ..the most coveted one..the heavyweight of heaviest bench press. When powerlifting started it quickly rose into the 500ís and then in the mid 1960ís the legendary Pat Casey lifted it to 635. In 1972, James Williams moved it to 675 and almost 700. Now these were lifters who worked all three lifts and not just benched as is common now . That alone adds many pounds to the bench. Now to break 700 Ted Arcidi had to put on a bench shirt and solo in the bench. Several more rose over 700. now to hit 800 a tighter or more fortified bench shirt had to be used as well as relaxing the rules as well as the lifter having to solo in the bench as least for a while. now to go from 800 to 900 the 100 lb distance will be covered by sheer technology . All the lifter will have to do is get a better shirt . The 900 ďbench pressĒ will happen not due to increased strength , but the shirtmaker understanding the laws of physics. Soon then some group will allow elbow wraps and who knows what will happen. Or they will allow the spotters to force the weight to the chest with a tight shirt. It is totally ridiculous that a lifter can not get 8-900 lbs down to the chest ! Call it a bench press..I say not!!! Having been around for it all I would say that the absolute bench press might be close to 700 in a three lift meet and 720 or a bit more solo. Anything more would be sheer fabrication. No pun intended. And it would take a rare person to do that. It is natural that man due to his competitive nature keeps pushing the envelope. But modern man needs to realize that there are limits and we have approached the strength limits. We have tried to get added limits out working harder, scientific training, drugs, and now powerlifters are wearing gear that amounts to an antís exo-skeleton to push up the numbers by up to 200 lbs above what the lifter could do normally.

Do I blame the lifter? One canít blame human nature. Or Do I think that it is all wrong what we are doing? What is wrong however is to claim the mechanically assisted lift as true human strength which it is not!! Is is incorrect to claim that we are significantly stronger than before. If fact, many of todayís powerlifters are weaker!! Just look at the average deadlifts! Powerlifters who train exclusively for the materially assisted lifts train more partial movements to train specifically for their event. This makes them not as strong at the bottom of the movement. Take someone who does the big shirt bench or the canvas squat suit and extra long wraps and 1) See what they could deadlift 2) see what they can squat or bench without any mechanical help. You will find that many of todayís lifters compare with the results from 1972-1982. Probably this reliance on mechanical devices has slowed down any increase in human strength as the focus has gone from man to manufacturer!!! Lifters are more worried about what gear to use than how to train. Instead of full movements they do partials.

So what do we do? Where do we go from here? We should go back to the origional idea of sports competition. Man vs Man and Man vs the weight and realize that we just canít keep breaking records at that fast of pace. Man isnít just getting any stronger. And what will we do when equipment manufacturers reach their limits on what they can do. That is happening as we speak. Oh loosen up on the rules again? NO ! Ö.I donít know if there is any simple answer except we must realize that since around the late 1970ís and the 1980ís man hasnít gotten any stronger. There are limits and we must realize them, We must put some limits on just how far we are going to aid the human body. If not the laws of physics will.

What about the better training techniques of today? Once again they had their roots back in the 70ís and 80ís. I talk to many of the old timers and find that they did much of what we do now, and with all this emphasis on equipment, we have overlooked a lot of good information. The modern collection of training techniques does make one improve a bit faster and is more defined in itís goals, but man has his limits and unless we surgically or genetically alter man (another Pandoraís box) we are just not getting any stronger, and we need to come to terms with it.

Then what about powerlifting? ..We need to realize that records are not made to be broken by large amounts and all the time. Itís ok for a record to last for a time. We need to break records by human strength, even if it is at a slow rate. Then we can appreciate it more. Just how much do I think our absolute strength level has gone up since the 1970ís ? In the powerlifts, probably about 15-25 lbs each. What about the future? I think we are close to maxed out and the ultimate in human strength is near and only to be broken by people with superb genetics.

Since mankind is not getting much stronger, letís just enjoy how strong we can get, and enjoy what we do with our strength and use it wisely. Powerlifting is the sport of the super strong in human spirit and strength and should remain so. We have had many strong athletes in strength sports over the years and will no doubt have many more. If we were to put all the strongmen together from all the ages, what a strong assembly of humanity it would be!

By: Bob Strauss
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Old 01-12-2012, 02:04 AM   #2
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Nope, I don't think we have gotten any stronger in the physical human body. Like Bob Strauss so eloquently points out, we have merely found ways to lift more weight. But to our human spirit there is no vessel to hold the strength that it can contain.

One could say that the invention of the barbell was the first piece of assistance gear in lifting heavier weight. Did it make us stronger?

In the face of Loius Cyr - I think everyone looks and is kinda wimpy.
"On December 1st 1891 at Sohmer Park in Montreal, before some 10,000 people Cyr resisted the pull of four draught horses, two each side, pulling away at his clenched hands, regardless of grooms cracking their whips to encourage the horses to pull harder and strain their haunches."

Source: Louis Cyr: Strongest Man Who Ever Lived
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Old 01-12-2012, 03:42 AM   #3
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If nothing else, it shows that 'old school' training techniques should definitely be used today.
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Old 01-12-2012, 08:46 AM   #4
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We will find a way to push the envelope farther, that's what we do. I predict that genetic manipulation will be next.

Personally, I respect guys that give their all to the sport. I know that records don't just fall because you put on a suit or shirt. I know it takes a ton of work to even learn how to use a suit and reteach the body how to do lifts with gear. Much respect.

But I think the author makes an interesting point. If it wasn't for the inclusion of drugs and gear, I wonder if we have reached our potential for strength?
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Old 01-12-2012, 09:47 AM   #5
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Gene doping can't be too far off?
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Old 01-12-2012, 10:23 PM   #6
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It makes me feel like someone should start a movement to bring raw lifting back to the for front of competition.
No disrespect to lifters that utilize gear. They work very hard to achieve there accomplishments.
It's just that it seems raw lifts are a more pure test of strength. (Captain obvious)
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Old 01-13-2012, 12:39 AM   #7
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Quote:
Originally Posted by BigJosh View Post
It makes me feel like someone should start a movement to bring raw lifting back to the for front of competition.
No disrespect to lifters that utilize gear. They work very hard to achieve there accomplishments.
It's just that it seems raw lifts are a more pure test of strength. (Captain obvious)
I think Brook Kubik is trying in his own way. He only recommends chalk, a thin lifting belt and straps. Nothing else if I recall right. There is a video of him doing a 440lb bottom squat with no gear besides whats listed above. Brooks is an advocate of old strongman style lifting, such as 160 pound beer kegs, barrels and sandbags. He attributes much of the raw ability of old time lifters to these "lost" training implements. He is against much of the assistance gear used in modern powerlifting. It is not that he didn't use bench shirts and the such - he actually set several bench press records. He seems to have put assistance gear behind him to make lifting harder.

Five-time national bench press champion in drug tested competition (sub-master's age group, 198 and 220 pound weight classes)

Set over one dozen American, National and World records in the bench press in drug-tested competition (sub-master's age group, 198 and 220 pound weight classes)


His book Dinosaur Training is pretty hardcore and a somewhat good read. He has a lot of good ideas for achieving good increases in strength, power and muscle bulk.

His 302 Push Press

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Old 01-13-2012, 01:45 AM   #8
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I gotta get me that dinosaur training! Silly! Thanks.

As for the topic geared or raw, I have mixed feelings. I think as long as they have separate categories, then so what? Geared and raw are separate, so they really don't impinge upon each other at all. Somewhat like comparing college hoops to NBA (crab dribble? seriously? Does an NBA player ever travel, or heck, even work hard before the fourth quarter?) They're different games and are compelling for different reasons. I'm OK with that.

However, when it comes down to the question of who is actually stronger, in my opinion I think the lift has to be done raw. I know I respect a raw lifter with a 500+ bench more than a geared lifter with a 700+.

One final note is that his premise is a bit suspect in that he's saying essentially that since deadlifts (and to some extent OHP) have not appreciably increased, therefore people are not stronger. Well, that's not a causality. Could be people train less for those things since squat and especially bench are way more sexier lifts for our increasingly TV oriented society, could be our best powerlifters never pursued powerlifting because they could make gobs of money in the NFL instead. Ipso facto, doesn't necessarily follow his assertion.

Even though I do happen to agree. Remember, we are talking about evolution here. SUre strength may have plateaued a bit lately, but think the gene pool (even the non manipulated one!) won't adapt? HA! Think about a genetic kazmeier born now, who trains specifically right from the get go. I'd say he surpasses most of those old school dudes with room to spare.

Well, if he doesn't get sidetracked with video games anyway.

Interesting topic though.
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Old 01-13-2012, 04:26 AM   #9
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In the grand scheme of things, that is whichever grand scheme you believe in, the past 30-40 years is not a large span of time. There's nothing that would suggest that physically we have changed much in the past thousand years, never mind the past fourty. So why would it come as such a surprise that records haven't moved much?

Saying records haven't moved much and then using that to point to ambiguity raised by equipment is a bit of a strawman argument against equipment. Records haven't moved much, because (physically) neither has the human race, it has nothing to do with the contribution of equipment. It's quite as simple as that.

Another thing the author doesn't take into account is how the records are viewed. No-one judges a raw lift in the same criteria as an equipped lift. So saying we're using equipment to lift more weight is short-sighted. If we were lumping equipped lifting in the same category as raw lifting and saying "great we're getting stronger!" is obviously madness but I don't see anyone doing that. We have separate categories for raw and equipped lifting, we even have separate categories for tested and non-tested lifting and separate records are kept for each:

Men's Raw World Records | Powerlifting Watch

Looking at those figures as we'd expect the records range from 30 years ago to very recently. The records haven't changed much in the past 40 years and they won't across the next 100 years so long as we don't make the mistake the author did and wrongly categorise the lifts together.

In 100 years time people there'll be people saying 'we haven't got much stronger in the past 200 years'. What people should be concentrating on is getting stronger themselves, staying healthy doing so and not worrying so much about what others are doing and/or letting that hold them back.
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Old 01-13-2012, 09:50 AM   #10
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I am not sure where he is coming up with this figures of If you squat this with this equipment, then he could squat this number now. These are just guesses, take them as that. The strongest people in the world in gear will be the strongest people in the world outside of it as well.

I have seen Donnie Thompson and Dave Hoff both warming up raw with weights that make me cry haha. I saw Donnie warming up with 700+ in the warm up room raw like I do 135.
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