Here's the structure i've based my workouts around the past couple of years.
Benching exercises: Bench, CGBP, Incline, Incline CGBP, Dips, Flyes
Pulling exercise: Chins, PullUps, Rows BB/DB, Shrugs
Overhead exercises: Presses seated/standing with BB/DB, Laterals, Upright Rows
Squatting exercises: Squatz High Bar/Low Bar, Leg Press, Leg Extensions
Deadlifting exercises: Deadlifts, RDLs, SLDLs, GMs, Hypers, Leg Curlz
Accessories: Curlz, Abs, Extensions, Calf Raises
(The list is by no means exhaustive, but it should give you an idea of what I think works)
You choose one exercise from each category. For a novice it's basically very simple, choose the bolded exercise. Later on when variety is needed (that is genuinely needed, not wanted) then exercises can be varied.
Sets/Reps: For a novice volume is required, so 3x10 is reasonable as is 5x5. Later on when a foundation has been built, a trainee can vary his sets/reps to suit his more specific goals.