Originally Posted by glwanabe
You cannot "Confuse" a muscle. A muscle does not have a brain. See Steves earlier post about muscle adaption. That pretty much covers it for me.
Vince Gironda was a very smart man and ahead of his time. However, I stand by my statement that, you cannot confuse a muscle.
Albert Einstein was a very smart man as well. He put forth the idea of the, "Ether" of the universe. We know today that this is not true.
Time marches on and not everything stands the test of time.
I think the term muscle confusion was just primitive way of keeping the body guessing so you don't get in a rut because sometimes you need change for progression.